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Elucidation of the volatile composition of Marsala wines by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography

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Authors: Giacomo Dugo, Flavio A. Franchina, Maria R. Scandinaro, Ivana Bonaccorsi, Nicola Cicero, Peter Q. Tranchida, Luigi Mondello

Abstract

The present contribution describes a research work focused on the elucidation of the composition of the headspace of Marsala wine. Four sample-types, of different ageing (“fine”, “superiore secco”, “superiore riserva”, “vergine”) were subjected to headspace solid-phase microextraction-comprehensive 2D GC analysis. At the outlet of the second GC dimension, the eluting analytes were split between a flame ionisation detector (for relative quantification purposes) and a rapid-scanning quadrupole mass spectrometer (for compound identification). Over 500 peaks were detected in each application, with a total of 128 compounds tentatively-identified considering the four sample types (mainly esters, alcohols, ketones, and aldehydes). The results attained open a door on the highly complex nature of the Marsala headspace; furthermore, they also demonstrated that the use of one-dimensional GC technologies, for the untargeted analysis of complex aroma profiles (e.g., dessert wines), is often too much of an analytical challenge.

Read full study: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0308814613009904?via%3Dihub

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